Trilogia valorilor: A Masterpiece of Romanian Philosophy by Lucian Blaga
Trilogia valorilor (The Trilogy of Values) is a monumental work of philosophy by Lucian Blaga, one of the most original and influential Romanian thinkers of the 20th century. The trilogy consists of four books: ÅtiinÅÄ Åi creaÅie (Science and Creation), GÃndire magicÄ Åi religie (Magic Thinking and Religion), ArtÄ Åi valoare (Art and Value), and Religie Åi spirit (Religion and Spirit). In these books, Blaga explores the complex and dynamic relations between different types of values, such as cognitive, aesthetic, ethical, religious, and existential, and their role in shaping human culture and destiny.
Blaga's philosophy is based on the idea of a transcendent censorship, a mysterious force that limits human knowledge of the ultimate reality, but also stimulates human creativity and diversity. According to Blaga, humans have two modes of cognition: luciferic and paradisiac. The luciferic mode is the one that challenges the transcendent censorship and tries to reveal the secrets of the world, while the paradisiac mode is the one that accepts the censorship and adapts to it. The luciferic mode is characteristic of science, while the paradisiac mode is characteristic of art, religion, and magic.
Blaga argues that science and creation are not opposed, but complementary. Science is the expression of human curiosity and rationality, while creation is the expression of human imagination and emotion. Both science and creation aim to enrich human life and culture, but they do so in different ways. Science expands human knowledge by discovering new facts and laws, while creation expands human meaning by inventing new symbols and values.
Blaga also analyzes the phenomenon of magic thinking and religion, which he considers as forms of paradisiac cognition that respond to human needs for security, comfort, and transcendence. Magic thinking is based on the belief that there is a hidden connection between things that can be manipulated by rituals or words. Religion is based on the belief that there is a higher power that can be worshipped or appealed to by faith or prayer. Blaga distinguishes between different types of religions, such as naturalistic, historical, mystical, or existential, according to their degree of openness or closure to the transcendent censorship.
Finally, Blaga discusses the nature and function of art and value, which he regards as the highest forms of human expression and achievement. Art is the manifestation of human beauty and originality, while value is the manifestation of human dignity and freedom. Art and value are not objective or universal, but subjective and relative to each individual and culture. Blaga proposes a pluralistic theory of value, according to which there are many types of values that can be harmonized or conflicted in different situations.
Trilogia valorilor is a remarkable synthesis of Blaga's philosophical vision, which combines metaphysical speculation, cultural analysis, psychological insight, and poetic inspiration. It is a testament to Blaga's profound understanding of human nature and destiny, as well as his contribution to Romanian culture and identity. aa16f39245